THAI FOREST ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH JOURNAL

ISSN 2586-9566 (Print) ISSN 2985-0789 (Online)

The Effect of Tree Pruning on Growth and Potential of Carbon Storage in Aboveground Biomass in Royal Park Rajapruek in Chiang Mai Province

Worachet Worawetchakun1*, Napaphat Wongnan1, Vikanda Saywongjai1, Preeyaporn Sangruan1, Kittinan Puinta1, Thirapon Butsithong1, Teeranon Pasutham1, Piyaphong Meepanya1, Korramit Somwang1, Phuthadol Theera-athiyut1, Arnada Niruntayakul1, Sutheera Hermhuk2 and Witchaphart Sungpalee2
1Highland Research and Development Institute (Public Organization), Chiang Mai 50200
2Faculty of Agricultural Production, Maejo University, Chiang Mai 50290
*Corresponding author: Email: WORACHETV@gmail.com
Abstract

Background and Objectives: Royal Park Rajapruek is an urban green area that plays important role on the environments. The suitable canopy pruning promotes tree growth and increase potential of carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of canopy pruning on growth rate and carbon storage in tree aboveground biomass.

Methodology: The selected tree species was canopy pruned (CP) in three types; 1) > 50% of CP (Pterocarpus macrocarpus and Swietenia macrophylla), 2) < 50% of CP (Phyllocarpus septentrionalis, Ficus subpisocarpa, Mimusops elengi , and Cassia fistula) and 3) no canopy pruning. Then, the evaluate on the growth rate and carbon storage in aboveground biomass was done during 2021-2023 based on allometric equation of Chave et al. (2005).

Main Results: The relative growth rate (RGR) of Pterocarpus macrocarpus and Swietenia macrophylla (> 50% canopy pruning) had significantly (P < 0.05) different with no CP. In term of relative growth on biomass, the CP and without CP of Pterocarpus macrocarpus had significantly (P < 0.05) that lower value was found, 0.08 and 0.12, respectively, but it had no significant for Swietenia macrophylla. Regarding the CP < 50%, the absolute growth rate (AGR) of Phyllocarpus septentrionalis and Mimusops elengi was significantly (P < 0.001 and P<0.05, respectively) different with no CP which increased rate was found. In contrast, the negative RGR of diameter for CP was found for Cassia fistula, however, the AGR and RGR of height showed positive correlation. In terms of biomass and carbon storage, these were significantly (P < 0.001, and P < 0.05, respectively) different for Phyllocarpus septentrionalis and Mimusops elengi which increased up to 95 percent. Then, they showed significantly (P<0.001, and P<0.05, respectively) increased aboveground biomass (49.59 and 12.6 km.yr-1, respectively). While, Cassia fistula with CP had low RGR and carbon storage. Contrasting with Ficus subpisocarpa that had no significantly different between two practices. 

Conclusion: Canopy pruning is important on tree growth rate that effected on variation of biomass and carbon storage. Thus, appropriate canopy pruning should concern for specific species, in particular to promote growth and carbon storage. 

Keywords: Urban forest, service area, ecology, environment


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